GHOST HUNTING 101
In 1848, the "spiritualism" movement swept the US and the world. This movement gained momentum VERY quickly, and a lot of "mediums" began to get rich off a grieving public who could not let go of loved ones that had passed. These mediums would claim to bring messages from the other side to help "heal" the grief of people.... for a price. Society was a lot different back then, and in general people were very uneducated, so in 1850 the scientific community as a whole created the field of parapsychology to try and debunk these "mystics."
The top minds of that time got together to try and figure out how these "psychics" performed their parlor tricks. Their roster included people like Sir William Crooks (discovered cathode rays, x-rays, and the electron), Sir Oliver Lodge (responsible for advancements in physics, early research into electricity, worked on radio, and credited by Albert Einstein, who used Lodge's research to develop his theory of relativity), Henry Sidwick, Fredrick Myers, and British Prime Minister Arthur Balfour. Later non-scientific people joined this field like Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Lewis Carroll, William Gladstone, Harry Houdini, Mark Twain, and the first ghost hunter Harry Price.
It was not until 1924 that they come across a "psychic" they could not debunk, named Mina Crandon, a.k.a. Margery. Since they could not debunk her, they were forced to label her legitimate, and this set the scientific community as a whole in a rage. Harry Houdini tried throughout his career as a parapsychologist to "debunk" her, and remained unsuccessful to his death. Because of Margery, the scientific community turned their backs on this field, and in their minds it has been a quasi-science ever since, even though they themselves created this field to investigate various aspects of the paranormal as we do now.
We still use the same theories that were first developed by Harry Price, although through technology we have gone farther than he had ever dreamed possible, and through the use of EMF meters, thermal scanners, Geiger counters, etc., we have proven his thoughts to be accurate on the atmospheric deviations "ghosts" create. The media hype of ghosts and psychics is creating a new "spiritualism" movement in this millennium, and it is a matter of time before the scientific community as a whole embraces us, their long lost sister to help combat this movement, and prove frauds of these people who profit from others' misery. Everything we do in this field is vital for the new foundation that will be formed. Unlike "psychics," our equipment is nonjudgmental and cannot be tampered with by the mind of man. They simply tell the truth as to what is occurring in a location. I believe that we are a lot more legitimate than someone who simply "feels" something in a home, something that cannot be supported with evidence.
Non Contact Thermal Scanners
Infrared radiation was discovered in the year 1800, by Sir William Herchel, when he observed that some type of "invisible" radiation appeared to be emitted by a prism illuminated by sunlight. This energy could heat up a mercury bulb thermometer in the far reaches of the visible red region, thus the term in-far-red. Infrared radiation includes electromagnetic waves (or photons) from 0.75 m to 1000 m, the spectral region between visible light and sub-millimeter microwaves. Infrared radiation is emitted by all substances above absolute zero.
When detecting the infrared radiation given off
by an object, it is possible to determine its average radiation
temperature. By measuring the infrared radiation emitted by the
local sky above a radiometer, we are, in effect, measuring the
radiation temperature of the sky. Depending on the discipline,
this method of indirect temperature measurement is referred to as
non-contact thermometry or pyrometry.
All objects above absolute zero emit infrared energy. The hotter an object is, the more active its molecules are, and the more infrared energy it emits. An infrared thermometer houses optics that collect the radiant infrared energy from the object and focus it onto a detector. The detector converts the energy into an electrical signal, which is amplified and displayed.
Also be aware of emissivity. Emissivity is the ability of an object to emit or absorb energy. Perfect emitters have an emissivity of 1, emitting 100% of incident energy. An object with an emissivity of 0.8 will absorb 80% and reflect 20% of the incident energy. Emissivity may vary with temperature and spectral response (wavelength). Infrared thermometers will have difficulty taking accurate temperature measurements of shiny metal surfaces unless they can adjust for emissivity.
How can the emissivity of an object be determined?
1. First, measure the surface temperature of the object to be measured with a surface-type thermocouple probe. Measure the same surface with an IR thermometer, adjusting emissivity on the thermometer until the temperature readings on both the thermocouple and IR meters agree.
2. For temperatures up to approximately 500 deg F (260 deg C), place a piece of regular masking tape on the object to be measured. Allow the tape to reach thermal equilibrium with the object. Using an IR thermometer with the emissivity set at 0.95, measure and note the temperature of the masking tape. Then, measure the surface temperature of the object. Adjust the emissivity until the temperature of the object is the same as that of the tape.
How to use it in our Research
The Non-contact Thermal Scanner has become an invaluable tool in the research of life after death. Like most of the equipment we use in our research, it was not designed for what we do with it. Many people use this piece of equipment improperly. This thermal scanner is to be used at a stationary location and should be monitored constantly. The measuring diameter of this device will "cone" outwards, much like a flashlight, and detect photons that enter this "cone." If you are stationary in a location you can cover a large area with one scanner. A lot of times these anomalies will move very fast through the scanner's measuring diameter. This is why it needs to be monitored constantly, and stay stationary, as some of the thermal deviations will last only a few short seconds.
Emissivity is a large concern of many people in this field as some objects absorb thermal radiation and others reflect it. For our research we are primarily interested in anomalous thermal deviations, not the exact temperature of an object. Therefore if an object we are targeting absorbs or deflects thermal radiation, it is irrelevant. Our objective is to determine if there is in fact an anomalous thermal deviation within a location. By doing this, we are focusing our attention to any significant thermal deviations between the scanner and the target, regardless if the target has high or low emissive rating. If the surface of a target is registering at 74 degrees and within a period of 3 seconds registers at 52 degrees, no amount of emissivity can explain such a deviation of thermal radiation. This is in fact an anomalous thermal deviation and exactly what we are looking for.
EVP stands for Electronic Voice Phenomenon; voices caught on recording devices such as tape recorders. Thomas Edison first introduced this concept to the world during the latter part of his life. He became obsessed with the afterlife and began trying to prove that we do go on when our bodies die. In the few weeks prior to his death, he kept himself locked in a room with a modified version of the phonograph he invented earlier in his life. He would turn this machine on, and while alone, begin asking questions. It would record his questions as well as the pauses in between. When playing the recording back on a regular phonograph, he was amazed to find other voices providing answers. Since no one else was in the room during the experiment, he deducted \par that these were "spirit voices" . The recording device he used is currently on display at the Smithsonian Institute. Using the same concept, we place tape recorders, DAT (Digital Audio Tape) recorders, etc., in "active" areas and find strange voices recorded. Often times, people talking about us and questioning what we are doing with all this strange equipment.
EVP has always been and still remains one of the more controversial methods of trying to provide evidence of the paranormal. The basic principle behind EVP collection is the use of an audio recording device in an attempt to catch voices and/or sounds of an unexplained nature. Before we begin to analyze sounds we need to gain a greater understanding of how they operate and the physics be hind their creation.
Sounds are changes in pressure in an elastic medium such as the atmosphere that can be detected by the human auditory system. This pressure change is called a sound wave. The human auditory system can only interpret these changes in pressure or sound waves if they are cycling in the range of 20 to 20,000Hz. Anything below the 20Hz level is called infrasonic and anything above 20,000Hz is called ultrasonic. The human ear cannot perceive sound waves in the infrasonic or ultrasonic sound range. A sound wave will also loose intensity the farther away from the source of the atmospheric disturbance it travels. A sound wave can also travel through solid objects such as walls. This makes it difficult to determine the originating source of the sound wave.
Frequency is the measure of the rate at which electromagnetic waves are generated. Frequency is measured in cycles per second, called hertz (Hz) after the German scientist who first discovered radio waves. (1 Hz equals one cycle per second.) The field around power lines, for example, is predominantly 60 Hz. Radio wave frequencies range from 300 Hz to billions of hertz. Electromagnetic waves with similar frequencies can be grouped together. These groupings form the electromagnetic spectrum with low-frequency waves (sometimes called ELF for "extremely low frequencies") at one end and high-frequency waves at the other. Radio waves, microwaves, and infrared light can be found at the lower end of the spectrum. Ultraviolet light, X-rays, and gamma rays occupy the upper end. Visible light, including sunlight, occupies the middle region. Microwaves are used in the transmission of telephone and telegraph messages, communications between earth and orbiting satellites, and in relaying certain television broadcast signals.
Based on what we know in regards to the physics of sound, most people will accept that the human voice is generally incapable of speaking below the 280hz mark. Extremely low frequencies (30 to 300Hertz) are the range most EVP is captured, and according to the laws of physics, impossible for the human voice to cycle at. When you capture a potential EVP you must first analyze the voices through spectral analysis to prove it is in fact in the ELF range of the sound spectrum. Once you validate the voices in question are in the ELF range, you have a legitimate EVP. These anomalies seem to be limited to locations with purported activity thusly linking them with ghostly phenomena.
There are a number of computer software programs on the market that will detect and log the spectral range of a recorded or live sound wave. The most widely used is a program called Cool Edit. When looking for software to analyze your EVP you want to make sure it has a built in Spectrogram. The Spectrogram is the portion of the sound program that will show you the spectral range or Hz level the sound cycles at. Most of these spectrogram programs will give a visual representation of the spectral graph chart along with the Hz level of each spectral region.
When importing a sound from an external recording device, you want to pick up an adapter from Radio Shack or any other electronics store of your choice. This adapter will plug into the headphone or audio output portion of your recording device and plug into the MIC or audio input of your sound card. Once you have your recording device connected to your computer you want to launch the spectrogram portion of your software and press play on the recording device you are using. This will immediately begin to read the Hz level of the sounds you have recorded. When you reach the portion of your recording with the suspected EVP you can view the spectrogram and validate its Hz level. Some of these programs will save the files to your hard drive in electronic format. If your software has the capability, it is easy to isolate and convert that portion to MP3 or WAV format for posting to your website. This is how we capture, analyze, and validate these anomalous voices that defy rational, logical, and physical explanation.
1,000,000 cycles per second = Megahertz (MHz)
1,000 cycles per second = Kilohertz (KHz)
1 cycle per second = Hertz (Hz)
These frequency numbers are in Hertz, which is cycles per second:
1 Approx. beginning of brain waves
6.66 Theta brain waves
7.85 Alpha brain waves
15.7 Beta brain waves
30-30.56 Government VLF stations
32-33 Government VLF stations
34-42 Government VLF stations
50 Approx. Upper limits of brain wave frequencies
60 Produces an audible sound
ELF - Extremely Low Frequencies (30 to 300 Hertz):
A great deal of attention is paid by the scientific and experimenter communities to the frequencies below 9 kHz. Here you can monitor, and actually hear, a wide range of "natural radio" phenomena. Events such as "whistlers", which are believed to be the sound of the energy pulse of a lightning bolt following the earth's magnetic field, can be heard with special radio receivers. These radios (which are surprisingly easy to build) are capable of tuning down to 300 cycles and below, where these signals are heard. There are many other sounds from known and unknown sources that are being investigated as well. Many who assist the scientific communities in such studies do not even listen to the sounds produced, but monitor such things as the changes to background noise using pen traces on paper tape, or computer sampling of variations in measured voltages. Through this activity, further knowledge is being developed about the radio propagation in this region, which still contains many mysteries.
FREQUENCY is a measure of the rate at which electromagnetic waves are generated. Frequency is measured in cycles per second, called hertz (Hz) after the German scientist who first discovered radio waves. (1 Hz equals one cycle per second.) The field around power lines, for example, is predominantly 60 Hz. Radio wave frequencies range from 300 Hz to billions of hertz. Electromagnetic waves with similar frequencies can be grouped together. These groupings form the ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM, with low-frequency waves (sometimes called ELF for "extremely low frequencies") at one end and high-frequency waves at the other. Radio waves, microwaves, and infrared light can be found at the lower end of the spectrum. Ultraviolet light, X-rays, and gamma rays occupy the upper end. Visible light, including sunlight, occupies the middle region. Microwaves are used in the transmission of telephone and telegraph messages, in communications between earth and orbiting satellites, and in relaying certain television broadcast signals.
ELF/VLF radio waves penetrate deeply beneath the surface of the earth and interact with the geologic structure of the earth. This interaction induces secondary fields with measurable effect upon and above the surface of the earth. Proper understanding of the physics of the generation and propagation of ELF/VLF waves and their interactions with earth materials will allow these waves to be used for applications such as sub-surface communications and exploration of the subsurface geological structure. From http://www.fas.org/irp/program/collect/haarp.htm
Electromagnetic radiation with a high frequency carrier wave (e.g., radio wave) and an extremely low frequency (ELF) modulation is considered amplitude modulated (e.g. TDMA mobile phone systems). The modulation can also be pulsed where the carrier wave is switched on and off very rapidly in the rate of about 100 pulses per second (e.g., GSM mobile phone systems), while continuous wave (CW) radiation is generated essentially at a single frequency (e.g., analog mobile phone systems).
Natural ELF/VLF Radio - also called "Natural Radio" - is audio-frequency radio signals of Earth in the approximately 200 Hz to beyond 10,000 Hz (10 kHz) spectrum which are not man-made but occur
naturally. Most of the best phenomena are heard between 400 Hz and 5 kHz. Interest in naturally-occurring ELF/VLF radio phenomena such as "whistlers" and "chorus" has enjoyed a rapid resurgence during the past 10 years on the part of academic research via orbiting space-probes and ground-based monitoring efforts, and also notably amongst amateur hobbyists world-wide, thanks to easy availability of sensitive receiving equipment. From http://www.triax.com/vlfradio/natradio.htm
You can listen to some of the Natural ELF Radio sounds with streaming audio (Real Audio) courtesy of NASA.
More at http://www.antennex.com/preview/Folder03/Oct2/elf2.htm
Sferics - Mainly the ubiquitous snap, crackle and pop of lightning all over the earth, this can be heard anytime, anywhere, on frequencies from 1 Hz to beyond 100 MHz. Just tune your AM radio to an empty frequency. Sferics below deserves special mention.
Listen to sample http://www.altair.org/hear/krakl.wav
More at http://www.altair.org/natradio.htm
The ELF frequency range is critically important to the Navy because of its value in providing a way to communicate with submerged submarines. As a result of the high electrical conductivity of sea water, signals attenuate (or decrease) rapidly as they propagate downward through it. In effect, the seawater "hides" the submarine from detection while simultaneously preventing it from communicating with the outside world through normal radio transmissions.
We record wideband ELF/VLF (~200 Hz to 20 kHz) data at Palmer Station, Antarctica. Extremely Low Frequency (ELF, 30-3000 Hz) and Very Low Frequency (VLF, 3-30 kHz) are frequency bands to denote where the signals we measure are in the electromagnetic spectrum. Our signals happen to be in the audio range, so that if they were sound waves, you could hear them.
The degree to which a signal is attenuated depends on its frequency, however. The lower the frequency, the more deeply a signal can be received in seawater. In order to receive conventional radio
transmissions a submarine must travel at slow speeds and be near the surface of the water. Both of these situations make a submarine more susceptible to enemy detection. More about the Navy's ELF system:
FCC rules allow unlicensed stations to operate between 160 to 190 kHz providing that:
1.The power input to the final amplifier does not exceed one watt.
2.All emissions below 160 kHz or above 190 kHz are suppressed by 20 dB.
3.The total length of the transmission lines plus the antenna does not exceed 50 feet.
HAARP is a project funded by the US Senate and operated by the US Navy & Air Force. HAARP or "High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program," was supposedly started to communicate with submarines deep in the ocean using ELF radio waves, which can penetrate the ocean as well as the earths surface. With the power HAARP has it can focus all its radio waves into a single beam in the sky, which effectively exceeds its 3.6 million-watt power status. Still, to get a better idea, its 72,000 times more powerful than the US's most powerful radio station. With this much power the possibilities for use are endless; of course activists, conspiracy theorists, and environmentalists all have their own ideas for applications of this weapon / utility, both good and bad.
"Natural Radio" describes naturally occurring electromagnetic (radio) signals emanating from lightning storms, aurora (The Northern and Southern Lights), and most importantly, the Earth's magnetic-field (The Magnetosphere). This is a presentation of Earth's natural radio emissions that occur in the extremely low frequency to very-low-frequency (ELF-VLF) radio spectrum--specifically, at AUDIO
frequencies between approximately 100 to 10,000 cycles-per second (0.1 - 10 kHz). Unlike sound waves, which are vibrations of air molecules that our ears are sensitive to, natural radio waves are vibrations of
electric and magnetic energy (electromagnetic waves) which-though occurring at the same frequencies as sound--cannot be listened to without an audio-frequency ELF-VLF radio receiver to convert the natural radio signals directly into the same sound frequencies. Another amazing realm of nature is thus ready to be explored and observed.
It has been theory for a number of years that "ghostly" manifestations cause a disruption in the ambient electromagnetic fields of a location. Due to this theory, investigators have incorporated a wide array of EMF (electromagnetic field) meters as part of their standard equipment. We have proven, based on this previous theory, that areas which appear to be "haunted" do in fact have erratic EM fields. The EMF meter has become the most basic and essential device of an investigators ghost hunting arsenal.
There are a wide variety of meters available on the market, ranging in cost from 10 dollars to 600 dollars. They are classified as single axis, double axis, and even triple axis meters. Here is a quick break down of the various meters on the market today.
Single Axis EMF meters read from one direction, usually directly in front of them. These units with have 1 sensor housed in the case. This means you have to be pointing directly at what you are trying to get a reading of in order to register a hit. If you are using a single axis meter on an investigation, an anomaly could be 2 inches above the meter and you would never get a reading, if the field were small. However, by turning the meter 90 degrees and facing the sensor towards an energy field it will take an accurate reading. Additionally, the sensors could either be to the sides or the bottom of the meter, and you would not register a correct reading unless the orientation was changed. All EMF meters have to be in the EM field of an anomaly before they will register a reading. The more sensitive the meter, the further away from the anomaly you can be before registering a reading.
Double or Dual Axis EMF meters take readings from 2 directions, due to the fact that they have 2 sensors, usually directly in front of the unit and on the bottom. Again, this will vary from model to model. Like the single axis, if this reads from front and bottom and an anomaly is directly above the meter, it will not register the actual field strength unless the orientation of the meter is changed.
A Triple Axis EMF meter will read from 3 directions, usually from front, bottom, and top. Again, this also will vary from model to model due to the position of sensors within the unit. Like the others, if the anomaly is to the sides where there are no sensors, you will not register any deviations unless the orientation of the unit is changed.
Now we get to the drawbacks of these meters. All meters have a range of exactly zero feet. This means that all gauss meters, electric field meters, RF/microwave meters, etc. can only measure the strength of the field AT THE LOCATION OF THE METER. What distinguishes one meter from another is the sensitivity. In other words, what is the smallest field strength that the meter can detect? A gauss meter with sensitivity of 0.1 mG is more sensitive than a meter that can only detect down to 1.3 mG. While the meter that is more sensitive can be successfully used further away from the source of the field, it is still only measuring the field at the location of the meter. The closer to the "core" of the anomaly your meter is, the stronger the field reading, as the field strength dissipates rapidly from its generating source.
Another factor we have to take into consideration with this research is if the meter is a calibrated or non-calibrated meter. A non-calibrated meter reads alternating fields, which means it can read energy at varying Hz rates. A calibrated meter is designed to read direct currents and is usually calibrated to read energy cycling at 50 or 60Hz, because this is the Hz rating of the power grid in the US. We do not know exactly what the variation of Hz levels these anomalies cycle at yet. A lot of times when using a calibrated meter that is set for 50 or 60Hz, you will not get a reading on an anomaly if it is cycling at, say, 30Hz.
It is best to use both calibrated and non-calibrated meters in your research. If you are using a non-calibrated meter and you receive an energy spike, you can quickly try to get a reading with the calibrated meter. This will determine immediately if it is a man-made field. If the meter which is calibrated at the 50 or 60Hz level gets a reading, it may be a man-made field. If you are not getting any readings with a calibrated meter, but the non calibrated meter is spiking then you have a strong case for an anomalous energy field, since it is not cycling at 50 or 60Hz as most man-made fields do.
For a good starter meter I would recommend the "Dr. Gauss" Gauss meter. It can be purchased at http://www.prairieghosts.com, just click on the Store. They are also the cheapest place to purchase equipment. Dr. Gauss is a single axis meter with a moderate sensitivity level, but it gives an audible alert which is extremely handy in dark places.
Anything cycling at 50 or 60Hz can be a man-made energy field, or it could also be paranormal in nature. When in doubt use an Electrostatic Meter, Thermal Probe, Geiger Counter and so forth to determine if what you are reading can be captured on these other tools.
Trifield Natural EMF Meter
A lot of people swear by this meter, but I personally do not like to use it in my investigations. The Natural meter was originally designed to pick up Geometric Storms. If you use this meter after a solar flare, there will be a lot of disturbances in the upper atmosphere, which can cause it to give false readings. Also, this meter is so sensitive it can pick up people walking in a different room, which will cause it to go off. It is designed to block out man made EM fields so it ignores energy that cycles at 50-60Hz. The problem with this in our line of work is that a lot of times anomalies will cycle at 50-60Hz and by using this meter you will never get a reading when they cycle at that level. This meter has also been known to detect thunderstorms several miles away, so to be on the safe side you have to know the weather conditions for a 50 mile radius from where you are conducting your investigations.
This meter does have an adjustment to lower the sensitivity level, so that it will not detect your energy field. The problem with this is that everybody produces a different level of EMF, therefore it may not go off while you walk next to it, but it will when someone else does.
At the beginning of our century, Hans Geiger and Ernest Marsden performed a series of experiments in which they measured the scattering of alpha particles passing through a thin metal foil. They found gases conduct electricity only when some of their atoms are ionized, or split up into free electrons and ions. Fast electrons and ions emitted by radioactive materials ionize atoms with which they collide, and Hans Geiger, an associate of Rutherford (one of the most eminent physicists of the time and winner of the 1908 Nobel Prize in Chemistry) used this property to invent a sensitive detector for such particles. Thusly was born the Geiger-Mueller tube.
A Geiger-Mueller (GM) tube is a gas-filled radiation detector. It commonly takes the form of a cylindrical outer shell (cathode) and the sealed gas-filled space with a thin central wire (the anode) held at ~ 1 KV positive voltage, with respect to the cathode. The fill gas is generally argon at a pressure of less than 0.l atmospheres plus a small quantity of a quenching vapor.
Most Geiger Counters will detect BETA RAYS, GAMMA RAYS, and X-RAYS. These meters read from 0 to 10 mR/h. When radiation is detected the intensity is indicated on the meter and there is a "click" for each radiation particle it senses. It is sensitive enough to detect the continuous normal background radiation from Earth and cosmic rays from space. These make the Geiger counter give about 15 clicks from the speaker per minute. Most counters use a large 3 inch by 1/2 inch Geiger-Mueller radiation sensor with 3mm glass window. When radiation travels through the sensor, electrons are released and amplified as a "click" sound. The more radiation there is, the more clicks per minute occur. Most Geiger counters will not detect Alpha Rays. (However most alpha-emitters also emit gamma and x-rays that are detectable).
Recently, the belief came into being that the presence of anomalous activity creates a small percentage of gamma radiation, we have since been able to determine the electromagnetic fields these anomalies produce is what causes these rays. Field studies have shown that in fact there is a disruption in the ambient background of gamma radiation levels during a manifestation. However, from recent studies we have noticed both an increase and decrease in the ambient gamma radiation during a manifestation. This research is still too new to form a hypothesis in regards to gamma energy.
Air Ion Counter
The Air Ion Counter can be used for the detection of natural and artificial ions. Natural ions include those generated from the decay of radioactive minerals and radon gas, ions generated by fires, lightning, and evaporating water, and ions associated with storm activity. Note that in fair weather at sea level, typical ion counts are about 400 negative and 500 positive ions per cubic centimeter. Before a storm, positive ions increase dramatically. During a storm, negative ions increase.
The Ion Counter can gauge the output and coverage of artificial sources such as ion generators, improperly grounded air conditioning vents, combustion vapor and electrically charged or heated surfaces, and plasma-discharge ions in air and other gases. This device can be adjusted to measure positive, or in paranormal investigation cases, negative ions separately. Much like with an electromagnetic field detector, the ions in the air will measure as a high disturbance when anomalous energy is present. This device is great for investigations because it is sensitive to natural effects like radiation, electrical storms and radon.... thus, is not easily disturbed by power outlets. However, this also can be a major drawback if you are unaware of the ambient atmosphere you are investigating in.
ELECTROSTATIC FIELD METER
We have noticed during our investigations these "anomalies" carry a large static charge. This is part of the atmospheric disturbances we detect during a manifestation. A electrostatic field meter is designed to pick up on high static charges in a location. Many people report the hairs on the arms standing up when they witness a manifestation. This could be from the amount of static electricity these anomalies produce.
CLASSIFICATIONS OF HAUNTING
Class A - Classic Haunting
Exhibits intelligence, interacts etc. Most fun and hazardous. These little guys have been known to bite, hit, shove, kick, and throw objects at the heads of investigators. A few years back one investigator stuck his head up in an attic where an intelligent "entity" was present, and suddenly had a piece of wire wrapped around his neck choking him. I suggest putting the camcorders in these "alien" locations before sticking your head in there. This way you can see what is up there.
Class B - Residual Haunting
A "recording of time" that keeps playing itself over and over. Some speculate that it's residual "psychic" impressions left on the land or building due to extreme emotional stress.
Class C - Poltergeist Activity
This is usually activity conducted by a human agent, oftentimes that of a pubescent child thought to be creating a PK Burst or PSI activity. Upon MRI scans there is a increase in Theta brain wave activity and the Pineal Gland seem to be overly active.
This classification system was developed by TriPar ( Http://www.triparinvestigatons.org ) And as I am a member of TriPar I use it in my investigations.
© 2002 Chris Moseley and Dagulf's Ghost http://www.dagulfsghost.com
No unauthorized reproduction without consent.